中英双语版常见光源结构、原理以及特性

文章描述:-2022年2月19日发(作者:rnti) 常见光源结构、原理以及特性 Common source structure, principle and characteristics 在照明工程中常用的光源有白炽发光的白炽灯和卤钨灯,低压气体放电的各种荧光灯和高强气体放电的荧光高压汞灯,金属卤化物灯和高压钠灯等。 In the lighting project commonly used lig

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中英双语版常见光源结构、原理以及特性 2022年2月19日发(作者:rnti)




常见光源结构、原理以及特性
Common source structure, principle and characteristics

在照明工程中常用的光源有白炽发光的白炽灯和卤钨灯,低压气体放电的各种荧光灯和
高强气体放电的荧光高压汞灯,金属卤化物灯和高压钠灯等。
In the lighting project commonly used light source have the incandescent light incandescent
and halogen tungsten lamp, low-pressure gas discharge of all various kinds of fluorescent lamp
and high pressure gas discharge fluorescent high pressure mercury lamp, high pressure sodium
lamp, metal halide lamp and.
常用光源分类如下表:
表1 常用光源分类表


注:以上各类光源原则上都可以做成无极灯
ote: the above types of light source in principle can be made to the electrodeless lamp






1 白炽灯
The 1 incandescent lamp
凡是根据热辐射原理工作的光源都可称为白炽灯。目前常用的白炽灯分两类,
即普通白炽灯和卤钨灯。
According to the principle of thermal radiation in work can be called the
incandescent lamp light source. At present the common incandescent lamp is
divided into two categories, namely, ordinary incandescent and halogen tungsten
lamp.
白炽灯靠电能将灯丝加热到白炽而发光。在灯丝发光的同时还产生大量的红外
辐射和小量的紫外辐射,它们最终以热能的形式而损失掉。显然,要想提高白
炽灯的光效,应选用高熔点材料做灯丝,并使之在尽可能高的温度下工作。
Incandescent lamp by electricity filament heated to incandescence light. In the
filament light also produces a large amount of infrared radiation and the amount
of UV radiation, they eventually in the form of heat losses. Obviously, if we want
to improve the incandescent lamp light effect, selection of high melting point
materials do filament, and the possible high temperature operation.
1.1 白炽灯的结构
1.1incandescent lamp structure
普通白炽灯泡由钨丝、玻璃泡、灯头、支架、引线等几部分组成,内充氩、氮、
或氩氮混合气体,通常的工作压力约为1.013x105Pa,而氩氮的比例由额定电压
和灯丝温度而定,通常白炽灯使用氩气在86%~98%之间。
Ordinary incandescent bulb composed of a tungsten filament, glass bulb, lamp,
bracket, lead etc., in argon, nitrogen or argon, nitrogen mixed gas, usually
working pressure of about 1.013x105Pa, and argon nitrogen proportion by the
rated voltage and the temperature dependent, usually the use of incandescent
lamps in 86% ~98% between argon.
灯丝是白炽灯发光的主要部件,常用的灯丝形状有直线灯丝、单螺灯丝、双螺
旋灯丝等。灯丝的形状和尺寸大小对于白炽灯的寿命、发光效率都有直接的影
响,同样长短粗细的钨丝绕成单螺旋型的光效高。灯丝结构紧凑,发光点小,
利用率就高。
The filament is incandescent bulbs of the main components, common filament
shape straight filament, filament single screw, double helix filament. The shape
and size of the filament for incandescent lamp life, luminous efficiency has a
direct impact on the same length, thickness of single filament wound into a spiral
of high light efficiency. The filament has the advantages of compact structure,
light small, utilization rate is high.
白炽灯类型:白炽灯泡有普泡、蘑菇泡、圆球泡、烛形泡、反射泡、节日泡和
花生米灯泡等系列产品。
Incandescent type: incandescent light bulbs with Cape bubble, bubble, bubble,
the ball mushroom candle-shaped foam, foam reflection, bubble and peanuts



holiday bulbs and other products.
1.2 白炽灯的温、显指数
The 1.2 incandescent lamp 's color temperature, color rendering index
白炽灯的光效较低(约为12~17lmW),温较低一般为2400~2900K,但显
性较高,显指数Ra高达99~100。到目前为止,它是应用最广泛的一种光源。
Incandescent lamp light effect is low ( about 12~ 17lm W ), color temperature
low is 2400~ 2900K, but the color of high color rendering index, Ra high amounts
to 99~ 100. So far, it is the most widely used light source.
2 卤钨灯
卤钨灯属于热辐射光源,工作原理基本上与普通白炽灯一样,在结构上有较大的
的差别。最突出的差别就是卤钨灯泡内所填充的气体含有部分卤族元素或卤化
物。
Halogen tungsten lamp which belongs to the heat radiation source,
principle of work basically and ordinary incandescent lamp, the structure
has bigger difference. The most prominent is the difference between a
tungsten halogen bulb filled in a gas containing halogen and halide part.
卤钨灯的光效较高(约为18~21lmW),温较低一般为2700~3300K,显性较
高,显指数Ra高达99~100。
Tungsten halogen lamps have the higher light efficiency ( about 18~ 21lm
W ), color temperature low is 2700~ 3300K, color and high color rendering
index, Ra high amounts to 99~ 100.
2.1 卤钨灯的结构
2.1halogen tungsten lamp structure
卤钨灯是由钨丝、充入卤素的玻璃泡和灯头等构成。卤钨灯有双端、单端和双泡
壳之分;
Tungsten halogen lamp is composed of a tungsten filament, filled with
halogen glass bulb and lamp holder. Halogen tungsten lamp with two end,
single side and double blister division;
双端管状卤钨灯结构:灯呈现管状,功率为100~2000W,灯管的直径为8~10mm,
长80~330mm。两端采用磁接头,需要时在磁管内还装有保险丝。这种灯主要用
于室内外泛光照明;
Two ends of the tubular halogen tungsten lamp structure: the lamp presents
tubular, power of 100~ 2000W, tube diameter is 8 ~ 10mm,80~ 330mm. Two
ends of magnetic couplings, required in a magnetic tube is also provided
with a fuse. The lamp is mainly used for indoor and outdoor floodlights;

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中英双语版常见光源结构、原理以及特性

发布时间:2022-02-19 00:15:43
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